OBJECTIVES COVERED (pupils will learn ..)
SUGGESTED MAIN ACTIVITIES:
DOWNLOADABLE VERSION, RESOURCES and LINKS:
How fossils are formed
What the fossil record is
Refer back to the pupils work in the Y3 rocks unit (it may help to revise briefly the different rock types – see link in notes).
Revise how fossils are made using our powerpoint presentation of the same name (also lots of good youtube videos available that are child friendly or see BBC link in notes)
1. Use the lesson resource ‘FOSSILS PICTURE PACK.PDF’ to play a matching game – can pupils match the fossils? (Can also be used on whiteboard at front of class)
2. Ask pupils to draw a cartoon sequence of a fossil forming (links to Literacy instructions text) from dying to being dug up.
3. ART ACTIVITY: Make plaster casts to make 'fossils' of everyday objects - use damp sand to make an impression then fill it with plaster to make a cast. Display these in the classroom on a bed of sand, titled 'future fossils?'. This is a good opportunity to discuss how materials degrade. For example, plastic can take thousands of years to rot away, so how would this affect future fossils of our modern life? Would there be more modern materials left behind?
4. HOMEWORK SUGGESTION: research how the way the fossil record is layered creates an ongoing chronological record of the changes in living things over time – draw a diagram of a cross section of a cliff with the fossils changing as it goes higher through the layers.
5. Wordsearch – use the supplied ‘how fossils are formed.pdf’ wordsearch from our y6 evolution wordsearch pack
Ask pupils what fossils will be left behind in the future – will it be different than the current fossil record? Give reasons for their answers.
LESSON NO and TITLE:
1 of 6: CHANGES OVER TIME: how we know that the Earth and the living things on it have changed over its history